ABSCM - Overview: Antibody Screen, Erythrocytes

Test Catalog

Test Name

Test ID: ABSCM    
Antibody Screen, Erythrocytes

Useful For Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Detection of allo- or autoantibodies directed against red blood cell antigens in the settings of pretransfusion testing


Evaluation of transfusion reactions


Evaluation of hemolytic anemia

Reflex Tests Lists tests that may or may not be performed, at an additional charge, depending on the result and interpretation of the initial tests

Test IDReporting NameAvailable SeparatelyAlways Performed
ABABAntibody AbsorptionNoNo
ABELAntibody ElutionNoNo
DCTMDirect Coombs, BYesNo
MDCC3Monospecific Direct Coombs C3, BYesNo
MDCGMonospecific Direct Coombs IgG, BYesNo
ABID2Antibody Identification, RBCYesNo
SPAGSpecial Red Cell Ag TypingYesNo

Testing Algorithm Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

If the antibody screen is positive, then antibody identification will be performed.

The following tests may also be ordered and performed as part of antibody identification: monospecific direct Coombs, special red cell antigen typing, antibody elution, and antibody absorption.

Method Name A short description of the method used to perform the test

ABSCM: Three-Cell Panel Antibody Screen

ABID2: Ten-Cell Panel

ABAB, SPAG: Standard Blood Bank Techniques

ABEL: Acid-EDTA Elution/Other standard methods may be used in difficult cases.

DCTM, MDCG, MDCC3: Direct Antiglobulin Test

NY State Approved Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.


Reporting Name A shorter or abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test; an abbreviated test name

Antibody Scrn, RBC

Aliases Lists additional common names for a test, as an aid in searching

Antibody Screen (OB patients)
Indirect Antiglobulin Test
Indirect Coombs
Red Cell Antibody Screen
Type and Screen
Second ID 32816, Location DTL
Second ID 32817, Location DTL