Test ID: AFPSF
Alpha-Fetoprotein (AFP), Spinal Fluid
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The instrument used is a Beckman Coulter UniCel Dxl 800. The Access alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) immunoassay is a 2-site immunoenzymatic sandwich assay. A sample is added to a reaction vessel with mouse monoclonal anti-AFP alkaline phosphatase conjugate, and paramagnetic particles coated with a second mouse monoclonal anti-AFP antibody. The AFP in the sample binds to the immobilized monoclonal anti-AFP on the solid phase while, at the same time, the monoclonal anti-AFP-alkaline phosphatase conjugate reacts with different antigenic sites on the sample AFP. After incubation in a reaction vessel, materials bound to the solid phase are held in a magnetic field while unbound materials are washed away. Then a chemiluminescence substrate is added to the reaction vessel and light generated by the reaction is measured with a luminometer. The light production is directly proportional to the amount of AFP in the sample. The amount of analyte in the sample is determined by means of a stored multipoint calibration curve. Because the protein matrix is less concentrated in cerebrospinal fluid, a "protein spike" is added to each specimen prior to analysis. A correction is made for the dilution effect prior to reporting.(Instruction manual: Beckman-Coulter Assay Manual 2007)
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