Phenytoin, Total and Phenobarbital Group, Serum
Method Description Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference
Enzyme-multiplied immunoassay technique (EMIT) is performed using the Olympus analyzer. EMIT offers an alternative to the traditional spectroscopic and chromatographic method for quantitating blood concentrations of drugs. The technique for drugs is based upon an enzymatic assay for glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, using spectral properties at 340 nm, in which the reduction of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) substrate is monitored. The basis of the drug detection technique is an immunological reaction between the drug and a specific antibody. The reagent contains the enzyme (glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase) to which the drug is covalently bound and antibody-specific to the drug. The antibody binds most of the drug-bound enzyme, rendering the enzyme inactive. This results in a baseline enzymatic activity. In the presence of free drug, antibody equilibrates between free drug and enzyme-bound drug leaving some of the drug-bound enzyme uncomplexed and able to catalyze the reaction. If more free drug is introduced, either as standard or sample, then competition for the antibody takes place between the drug in the sample and the drug attached to the enzyme. This results in more drug-bound enzyme being left uncomplexed and able to catalyze the enzyme reaction at a greater rate as compared to the baseline activity. The observed enzyme activity increases with the amount of total free drug in the sample.(Package inserts: EMIT 2000 Phenytoin Assay and EMIT 2000 Phenobarbital Assay. Olympus, Melville, NY. October 2005)
PDF Report Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information
Day(s) and Time(s) Test Performed Outlines the days and times the test is performed. This field reflects the day and time the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time required before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means assays are performed several times during the day.
Monday through Sunday; Varies
Analytic Time Defines the amount of time it takes the laboratory to setup and perform the test. This is defined in number of days. The shortest interval of time expressed is "same day/1 day," which means the results may be available the same day that the sample is received in the testing laboratory. One day means results are available 1 day after the sample is received in the laboratory.
Same day/1 day
Maximum Laboratory Time Defines the maximum time from specimen receipt at Mayo Medical Laboratories until the release of the test result
Specimen Retention Time Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded
Performing Laboratory Location The location of the laboratory that performs the test