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Test ID: HTG1    
Thyroglobulin, Tumor Marker, Serum

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Method Description Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

The Beckman Coulter UniCel DxI 800 is used for thyroglobulin tumor marker testing. The Access Thyroglobulin (Tg) assay is a simultaneous 1-step immunoenzymatic ("sandwich") assay. A sample is added to a reaction vessel, along with a biotinylated mixture of 4 monoclonal anti-Tg antibodies, streptavidin-coated paramagnetic particles, and monoclonal anti-Tg antibody alkaline phosphatase conjugate. The biotinylated antibodies and the serum Tg binds to the solid phase, while the conjugate antibody reacts with a different antigenic site on the Tg molecule. After incubation in a reaction vessel, materials bound to the solid phase are held in a magnetic field while unbound materials are washed away. Then, the chemiluminescent substrate Lumi-Phos* 530 is added to the vessel and light generated by the reaction is measured with a luminometer. The light production is directly proportional to the concentration of Tg in the sample. The amount of analyte in the sample is determined from a stored, multipoint calibration curve.(Beckman Coulter Assay Manual, 2010)


Thyroglobulin antibody testing is performed on a Roche Cobas instrument. The Roche Thyroglobulin Antibody assay (anti-Tg) is a competitive assay using electrochemiluminescence detection. Patient specimen is incubated with biotinylated Tg and antibodies in the sample bind to the antigen in the reagent. Anti-Tg antibodies labeled with ruthenium complex and streptavidin-coated microparticles are added and the immunocomplex produced becomes bound to the solid phase by interaction of biotin and streptavidin. The reaction mixture is aspirated into the measuring cell where the microparticles are magnetically captured onto the surface of the electrode. Unbound substances are then removed with ProCell. Application of a voltage to the electrode induces the electrochemiluminescent emission. This signal is measured against a calibration curve to determine patient results.(Package insert: Roche Cobas. Roche Diagnostics, Indianapolis, IN 2010)


PDF Report Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information


Day(s) and Time(s) Test Performed Outlines the days and times the test is performed. This field reflects the day and time the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time required before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means assays are performed several times during the day.

Monday through Friday 5 a.m. – 12 a.m., Saturday 6 a.m. - 6 p.m.

Analytic Time Defines the amount of time it takes the laboratory to setup and perform the test. This is defined in number of days. The shortest interval of time expressed is "same day/1 day," which means the results may be available the same day that the sample is received in the testing laboratory. One day means results are available 1 day after the sample is received in the laboratory.

Same day/1 day

Maximum Laboratory Time Defines the maximum time from specimen receipt at Mayo Medical Laboratories until the release of the test result

3 days

Specimen Retention Time Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

3 months

Performing Laboratory Location The location of the laboratory that performs the test