Testosterone, Total and Bioavailable, Serum
Method Description Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference
The method is based on the differential precipitation of sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) by ammonium sulfate following equilibration of the serum specimen and tracer amounts of tritium-labeled testosterone. The results are expressed as the percent of testosterone free or albumin bound (not precipitated with SHBG) compared to an albumin standard. The product of this percentage and the total testosterone measurement is the total bioavailable testosterone.(Wheeler MJ: The determination of bio-available testosterone. Ann Clin Biochem 1995;32:345-357)
Deuterated stable isotope (d3-testosterone) is added to a 0.2 mL serum sample as internal standard. Protein is precipitated from the mixture by the addition of acetonitrile. The testosterone and internal standard are extracted from the resulting supernatant by an online extraction utilizing high-throughput liquid chromatography (HTLC). This is followed by conventional liquid chromatography and analysis on a tandem mass spectrometer equipped with a heated nebulizer ion source.(Wang C, Catlin DH, Demers LM, et al: Measurement of total testosterone in adult men: comparison of current laboratory methods versus liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2004;89:534-543; Taieb J, Mathian B, Millot F, et al: Testosterone measured by 10 immunoassays and by isotope-dilution gas chromatography-mass spectrometry in sera from 116 men, women, and children. Clin Chem 2003;49:1381-1395)
PDF Report Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information
Day(s) and Time(s) Test Performed Outlines the days and times the test is performed. This field reflects the day and time the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time required before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means assays are performed several times during the day.
Monday through Friday