|Values are valid only on day of printing.|
Diagnosing deficiencies, particularly hemophilia B (Christmas disease)
Assessing the impact of liver disease on hemostasis
Investigation of a prolonged activated partial thromboplastin time
Factor IX is a vitamin K-dependent serine protease synthesized in the liver and participates in the intrinsic coagulation pathway. Its biological half-life is 18 to 24 hours.
Congenital deficiency inherited as an X-linked recessive bleeding disorder (hemophilia B). Severe deficiency (<1%) characterized by hemarthroses, deep tissue bleeding, excessive bleeding with trauma and ecchymoses.
Acquired deficiency associated with liver disease, vitamin K deficiency, warfarin therapy and inhibitors (rare).
Normal, full-term newborn infants or healthy premature infants may have decreased levels (> or =20%) which may not reach adult levels for > or =180 days postnatal.*
*See Pediatric Hemostasis References in Coagulation Studies in Special Instructions.
Acquired deficiency is more common than congenital.
Mild hemophilia B: 5% to 50%
Moderate hemophilia B: 1% to 5%
Severe hemophilia B: <1%
Liver disease, warfarin therapy, or vitamin K deficiency may lower factor IX levels.
1. Barrowcliffe TW, Raut S, Sands D, Hubbard AR: Coagulation and chromogenic assays of factor VIII activity: general aspects, standardization, and recommendations. Semin Thromb Hemost 2002 Jun;28(3):247-256
2. Franchini M, Lippi G, Favaloro EJ: Acquired inhibitors of coagulation factors: part II. Semin Thromb Hemost 2012 Jul;38(5):447-453
3. Carcao MD: The diagnosis and management of congenital hemophilia. Semin Thromb Hemost 2012 Oct;38(7):727-734