Microbiology and Infectious Disease

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Measles: An Update on the Outbreak, Laboratory Testing, and Diagnosis

Measles: An Update on the Outbreak, Laboratory Testing, and Diagnosis  [Hot Topic]The United States is currently experiencing a large, multi-state outbreak of measles linked to an amusement park in California. The outbreak started in December 2014 and has spread to more than a dozen other states. Measles virus is a highly contagious virus and spreads through the air through coughing and sneezing. Measles can be prevented with the measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine.

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Detection of Histoplasma capsulatum Antigen in Urine

Detection of <em>Histoplasma capsulatum</em> Antigen in UrineDetection of Histoplasma capsulatum urine antigen (UAg) is among the most sensitive and rapid means to diagnose histoplasmosis. In a recent study published in the Journal of Clinical Microbiology, Mayo Clinic researchers analyzed the IMMY analyte specific reagents for detection of Histoplasma galactomannan.

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Bordetella pertussis and Bordetella parapertussis

<em>Bordetella pertussis</em> and <em>Bordetella parapertussis</em> [Hot Topic]Bordetella pertussis and Bordetella parapertussis are bacteria that cause pertussis, also known as whooping cough. Pertussis is highly contagious and spreads rapidly through families, schools, and hospitals. While adults and children may have relatively mild symptoms, the disease can be deadly for infants and neonates. Early diagnosis and treatment can improve outcomes. PCR has become the recommended test for detection of B. pertussis and B. parapertussis infection.

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