Complement, Alternate Pathway (AH50), Functional, Serum
NY State Approved Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.
Investigation of suspected complement deficiency, in conjunction with COM / Complement, Total, Serum
RBC Lysis in Agarose
Reporting Name A shorter/abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test; an abbreviated test name
Complement, Alternate Path, Func, S
Specimen Type Describes the specimen type needed for testing
Specimen Required Defines the optimal specimen. This field describes the type of specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing. The volume allows automated processing, fastest throughput and, when indicated, repeat or reflex testing.
Collection Container/Tube: Red top
Submission Container/Tube: Plastic vial
Specimen Volume: 1 mL
1. Immediately after drawing the specimen, place the tube on wet ice.
2. Spin down and separate serum from clot.
3. Immediately freeze specimen.
Additional Information: Fasting preferred.
Forms: If not ordering electronically, submit a General Request Form (Supply T239) with the specimen.
Specimen Minimum Volume Defines the amount of specimen required to perform an assay once, including instrument and container dead space. Submitting the minimum specimen volume makes it impossible to repeat the test or perform confirmatory or perform reflex testing. In some situations, a minimum specimen volume may result in a QNS (quantity not sufficient) result, requiring a second specimen to be collected.
Mild OK; Gross OK
Mild OK; Gross OK
Mild OK; Gross OK
Specimen Stability Information Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the laboratory. Alternate acceptable temperature(s) are also included.
Clinical Information Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test
Complement proteins are components of the innate immune system. There are 3 pathways to complement activation: the classic pathway, the alternative (or properdin) pathway, and the lectin activation (or mannan-binding protein, MBP) pathway.
The total hemolytic complement assay (CH50, COM / Complement, Total, Serum) is the best screening assay for most complement abnormalities. It assesses the classical complement pathway including early components that activate the pathway in response to immune complexes, as well as the late components involved in the membrane attack complex. The CH50 assay will be abnormal if there are specific hereditary or acquired C1-C9 complement component deficiencies or if there is consumption of complement due to immune (or autoimmune) complexes.
The AH50 assay is a screening test for complement abnormalities in the alternative pathway. The alternate pathway shares C3 and C5-C9 components, but has unique early complement components designated factors D, B, and P, as well as regulatory factors H and I. This pathway is activated by microbial polysaccharides and does not require immune complex formation. Patients with disseminated infections with pyogenic bacteria in the presence of a normal CH50 may have an absent AH50 due to hereditary or acquired deficiencies of the alternate pathway. Patients with deficiencies in the alternate pathway factors (D, B, P, H, and I) or late complement components (C3, C5-C9) are unusually susceptible to recurrent neisserial meningitis. The use of the CH50 and AH50 assays allow identification of the specific pathway abnormality.
Reference Values Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.
Absent AH50 in the presence of a normal CH50 suggests an alternate pathway component deficiency.
Normal AH50 in the presence of absent CH50 suggests an early (C1, C2, C4) classic pathway deficiency.
Absent AH50 and CH50 in the presence of a normal C3 and C4 suggests a late (C5, C6, C7, C8, C9) component deficiency.
Low AH50 levels in the presence of low C3 and C4 values are consistent with a complement consumptive process.
Absent AH50 and CH50 suggests a late (C3, C5, C6, C7, C8, C9) component deficiency or complement consumption.
Cautions Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances
The AH50 assay is a functional test and is dependent on correct sampling, storage, and shipping conditions.
An absent AH50 should be confirmed with a repeat test on a different specimen.
Clinical Reference Provides recommendations for further in-depth reading of a clinical nature
1. Frank MM: Medical intelligence current concepts: complement in the pathophysiology of human disease. N Engl J Med 1987;316:1525-1530
2. Thurman JM, Holers VM: Brief reviews: the central role of the alternative complement pathway in human disease. J Immunol 2006;176:1305-1310
3. Frank MM: Complement deficiencies. Pediatr Clin North Am 2000;47(6):1339-54
Method Description Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference
The assay is a radial diffusion procedure in which patient serum is allowed to diffuse into an agarose gel containing chicken RBCs. As the serum diffuses through the gel, C3b binds to the RBC membranes and is stabilized on the membrane with factor B. Factors D and P then bind, activate C5, and the membrane attack complex is formed and causes RBC lysis. The resultant clear circle is measured and the area of lysis is proportional to the amount of alternate pathway activity. A calibration curve is used to calculate the AH50 as "% norm."(Platts-Mills TAE, Ishizaka K: Activation of the alternative pathway of human complement by rabbit cells. J Immunol 1974;113:348-358)
Day(s) and Time(s) Test Performed Outlines the days and times the test is performed. This field reflects the day and time the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time required before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means assays are performed several times during the day.
Analytic Time Defines the amount of time it takes the laboratory to setup and perform the test. This is defined in number of days. The shortest interval of time expressed is "same day/1 day," which means the results may be available the same day that the sample is received in the testing laboratory. One day means results are available 1 day after the sample is received in the laboratory.
Maximum Laboratory Time Defines the maximum time from specimen receipt at Mayo Medical Laboratories until the release of the test result
Specimen Retention Time Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded
Performing Laboratory Location The location of the laboratory that performs the test
Test Classification Provides information regarding the medical device classification for laboratory test kits and reagents. Tests may be classified as cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and used per manufacturer's instructions, or as products that do not undergo full FDA review and approval, and are then labeled as an Analyte Specific Reagent (ASR), Investigation Use Only (IUO) product, or a Research Use Only (RUO) product.
This test uses a reagent or kit labeled by the manufacturer as Research Use Only. Its performance characteristics were determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
CPT Code Information Provides guidance in determining the appropriate Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code(s) information for each test or profile. The listed CPT codes reflect Mayo Medical Laboratories interpretation of CPT coding requirements. It is the responsibility of each laboratory to determine correct CPT codes to use for billing.
LOINC® Code Information Provides guidance in determining the Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) values for the result codes returned for this test or profile.
|Result ID||Reporting Name||LOINC Code|
|88676||Complement, Alternate Path, Func, S||In Process|