NY State Approved Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.
Monitoring serum concentration during therapy
Evaluating potential toxicity
The test may also be used to evaluate patient compliance.
Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS/MS)
Reporting Name A shorter/abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test; an abbreviated test name
Specimen Type Describes the specimen type needed for testing
Specimen Required Defines the optimal specimen. This field describes the type of specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing. The volume allows automated processing, fastest throughput and, when indicated, repeat or reflex testing.
Container/Tube: Red top
Specimen Volume: 1 mL
1. Draw blood immediately before next scheduled dose. Serum drawn from patients 12 hours after an oral dose is appropriate. It is customary to treat the patient at bedtime with a dose, then draw specimen the following morning prior to next dose.
2. Spin down within 2 hours of draw.
Specimen Minimum Volume Defines the amount of specimen required to perform an assay once, including instrument and container dead space. Submitting the minimum specimen volume makes it impossible to repeat the test or perform confirmatory or perform reflex testing. In some situations, a minimum specimen volume may result in a QNS (quantity not sufficient) result, requiring a second specimen to be collected.
Mild OK; Gross reject
Mild OK; Gross reject
Mild OK; Gross reject
Serum gel tube
Specimen Stability Information Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the laboratory. Alternate acceptable temperature(s) are also included.
|Serum Red||Refrigerated (preferred)||14 days|
Clinical Information Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test
Venlafaxine is a serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor approved for treatment of major depression, anxiety and panic disorders, and social phobias. It is also used for bipolar disorder, bulimia, post-traumatic stress, obsessive behavior, and attention-deficit disorder. Venlafaxine is converted by CYP2D6 to the active metabolite, O-desmethylvenlafaxine. The therapeutic range for venlafaxine includes measurement if O-desmethylvenlafaxine; optimal response is seen when combined concentrations of parent and metabolite are between 195 and 400 ng/mL. Venlafaxine is significantly affected by reduced hepatic function, but only slightly by reduced renal function.
Average elimination half-lives are 5 hours for venlafaxine and 10 hours for O-desmethylvenlafaxine, which are much shorter than many other antidepressants. For this reason, extended release formulations are available. Time to peak serum concentration is 2 hours for the regular product and 8 hours for the extended release product. Common toxicities are mild, including drowsiness, dizziness, nausea, and headache.
Reference Values Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.
Venlafaxine + O-desmethylvenlafaxine: 195-400 ng/mL
Most individuals display optimal response to venlafaxine when combined serum levels of venlafaxine and O-desmethylvenlafaxine are between 195 and 400 ng/mL. Some individuals may respond well outside of this range, or may display toxicity within the therapeutic range, thus interpretation should include clinical evaluation. Risk of toxicity is increased with combined levels >1,000 ng/mL. Therapeutic ranges are based on specimens drawn at trough (ie, immediately before the next dose).
Cautions Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances
Serum must be separated from cells within 2 hours of draw. Specimens that are obtained from gel tubes are not acceptable.
Clinical Reference Provides recommendations for further in-depth reading of a clinical nature
1. Wille SM, Cooreman SG, Neels HM, Lambert WE: Relevant issues in the monitoring and toxicology of antidepressants. Crit Rev Clin Lab Sci 2008;45(1):25-89
2. Baumann P, Hiemke G, Ulricj S, et al: The AGNP-TDM expert group consensus guidelines: therapeutic drug monitoring in psychiatry. Pharmacopsychiatry 2004;37:243-265
Method Description Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference
Venlafaxine and venlafaxine metabolite are measured using acetonitrile precipitation and analysis by high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS).
Day(s) and Time(s) Test Performed Outlines the days and times the test is performed. This field reflects the day and time the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time required before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means assays are performed several times during the day.
Monday through Friday
Analytic Time Defines the amount of time it takes the laboratory to setup and perform the test. This is defined in number of days. The shortest interval of time expressed is "same day/1 day," which means the results may be available the same day that the sample is received in the testing laboratory. One day means results are available 1 day after the sample is received in the laboratory.
Maximum Laboratory Time Defines the maximum time from specimen receipt at Mayo Medical Laboratories until the release of the test result
Specimen Retention Time Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded
Performing Laboratory Location The location of the laboratory that performs the test
Test Classification Provides information regarding the medical device classification for laboratory test kits and reagents. Tests may be classified as cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and used per manufacturer's instructions, or as products that do not undergo full FDA review and approval, and are then labeled as an Analyte Specific Reagent (ASR), Investigation Use Only (IUO) product, or a Research Use Only (RUO) product.
This test was developed and its performance characteristics determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
CPT Code Information Provides guidance in determining the appropriate Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code(s) information for each test or profile. The listed CPT codes reflect Mayo Medical Laboratories interpretation of CPT coding requirements. It is the responsibility of each laboratory to determine correct CPT codes to use for billing.
LOINC® Code Information Provides guidance in determining the Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) values for the result codes returned for this test or profile.
|Result ID||Reporting Name||LOINC Code|