VH - Performance: Vanillylmandelic Acid (VMA) and Homovanillic Acid (HVA), Random, Urine

Test Catalog

Test ID: VH    
Vanillylmandelic Acid (VMA) and Homovanillic Acid (HVA), Random, Urine

Method Description Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

Homovanillic acid (HVA) is measured in urine by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Octadecyl (C18) solid-phase extraction is performed on a 1-mL aliquot of urine. The solid-phase extraction column is eluted with 1 mL of methanol. The eluate is evaporated at 30 degrees C to 40 degrees C under nitrogen and the residue is reconstituted in 1-mL LC-MS/MS mobile phase. LC-MS/MS is performed by injecting 10 microL of the reconstituted specimen onto an amide-C16 high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) column. The mobile phase (30% acetonitrile in 0.05% aqueous acetic acid) is pumped over the HPLC analytical column at the rate of 1 mL/min, with the flow diverted to the MS/MS electrospray probe tip by 1:5. HVA elutes apart from the bulk of the specimen matrix at a retention time of approximately 1.5 minutes. HVA is quantitated by using a custom-synthesized stable isotope-labeled internal standard ([13]C[6]-4-hydroxy-[18]O-HVA).(Magera MJ, Stoor A, Helgeson JK, et al: Determination of homovanillic acid in urine by stable isotope dilution and electrospray tandem mass spectrometry. Clin Chim Acta 2001;306:35-41)


Vanillylmandelic acid (VMA) is measured by solid-phase extraction (SPE) of a 1-mL aliquot of urine. A known amount of stable isotope-labeled VMA (IS) is added to each urine specimen prior to SPE. VMA and IS are eluted from the SPE column with methanol. The methanol is evaporated and the VMA and IS are redissolved in LC-MS/MS mobile phase. A portion of this prepared extract is injected onto a LC column that separates VMA and IS from the bulk of any remaining specimen matrix. The VMA and IS are measured by MS/MS using the selected reaction monitoring mode. VMA is quantified using the ratio to IS versus urine calibrators.(Magera MJ, Thompson AL, Stoor AL, et al: Determination of vanillylmandelic acid in urine by stable isotope dilution and electrospray tandem mass spectrometry. Clin Chem 2003;49:825-826)

PDF Report Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information


Day(s) and Time(s) Test Performed Outlines the days and times the test is performed. This field reflects the day and time the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time required before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means assays are performed several times during the day.

Monday through Friday; 8 a.m.

Analytic Time Defines the amount of time it takes the laboratory to setup and perform the test. This is defined in number of days. The shortest interval of time expressed is "same day/1 day," which means the results may be available the same day that the sample is received in the testing laboratory. One day means results are available 1 day after the sample is received in the laboratory.

2 days (not reported on Sunday)

Maximum Laboratory Time Defines the maximum time from specimen receipt at Mayo Medical Laboratories until the release of the test result

4 days

Specimen Retention Time Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

7 days

Performing Laboratory Location The location of the laboratory that performs the test

Tell Us What You Think