Legionella species, Molecular Detection, PCR
Method Description Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference
This method employs a target-specific detection system using fluorescent resonance energy transfer (FRET) hybridization probes designed for a specific sequence found within the Legionella 5S rRNA gene. The LightCycler instrument amplifies and monitors target nucleic acid sequences by fluorescence during PCR cycling. This is an automated PCR system that can rapidly detect amplified product development through stringent air-controlled temperature cycling and capillary cuvettes. The detection of amplified products is based on the FRET principle. For FRET product detection, a hybridization probe with a donor fluorophore, fluorescein, on the 3' end is excited by an external light source, which emits light that is absorbed by a second hybridization probed with an acceptor fluorophore, LC-Ted 640, on the 5' end. The acceptor fluorophore then emits light of a different wavelength that can be measured with a signal that is proportional to the amount of specific PCR product. The detection process is completed in <1 hour using a closed tube system.(Cunningham SA, Sloan LM, Uhl JA, et al: Validation of a real-time PCR assay for the detection of Legionella species in respiratory samples. Abstracts of the Annual Meeting of the Association for Molecular Pathology, 2009 General Meeting, Kissimmee, FL, Nov. 19-22, 2009)
Day(s) and Time(s) Test Performed Outlines the days and times the test is performed. This field reflects the day and time the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time required before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means assays are performed several times during the day.
Monday through Sunday; Varies
Specimen Retention Time Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded
Performing Laboratory Location The location of the laboratory that performs the test