|Values are valid only on day of printing.|
Genomic DNA is extracted and 2 PCR reactions are used for each sample. In each reaction, a short fragment of genomic DNA, including the mutation site, is amplified using quantitative PCR in a real-time PCR instrument (LightCycler 480, Roche). In the first reaction, the 5' terminal base of the reverse primer matches the mutated sequence and the PCR conditions are such that it will only bind mutated DNA. In the second reaction, the 5' terminal base of the reverse primer matches the wild-type sequence and the PCR conditions are such that it will only bind the wild-type sequence. In both reactions, the PCR is monitored using TaqMan probe chemistry. The amount of mutated DNA and the amount of wild-type DNA is measured for each sample. In each run, the amount of mutated and wild-type DNA in a calibrator DNA sample is also measured. The calibrator is a mixture of DNA from a positive cell line (HEL) and a negative cell line (HL60) that is frozen in aliquots and expected to give an identical result in each run. Deviations in the calibrator result are assumed to be due to deviations in the run conditions and the sample results are corrected accordingly. Following each reaction, LightCycler 480 Relative Quantification Software is used to calculate the normalized mutated:wild-type ratio, which is expressed as a unitless ratio following correction with the calibrator data.
The formula for the normalized ratio is as follows:
Normalized ratio =
The final result is reported as % JAK2 V617F of total JAK2, ie [mutated/mutated + wild-type] x 100%, calculated from the normalized mutated:wild-type ratio.(Instruction manual: Roche Applied Science Technical Note No. LC 13/2001. Relative Quantification; LightCycler 480, 2006)
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