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Diagnosing viral infections
All routine viral cultures are inoculated into cell culture tubes for viral detection. The most common specimens received for routine testing include bronchoalveolar lavage, sputum, and throat. A rapid (16-hour incubation) shell vial cell culture assay will be inoculated when specimens are designated for herpes simplex virus or cytomegalovirus detection or as appropriate for source indicated.
-For oral specimens for suspected hand-foot-and-mouth disease or enterovirus, clearly indicate "enterovirus" on request.
Testing for Mumps or Measles Virus: Do not submit specimens for viral culture testing if there is a suspicion of mumps or measles virus. Suspect mumps or measles cases should be submitted directly to a state health department for laboratory testing.
Do not submit specimens for viral culture testing if there is a suspicion of Ebola virus or any viral hemorrhagic fever, avian influenza, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), Middle Eastern respiratory syndrome Coronovirus (MERS-CoV), or other high-risk infectious agents. Contact your state health department for more information and testing options.
Shell Vial Assay for Herpes Simplex Virus or Cytomegalovirus