|Values are valid only on day of printing.|
Postmortem evaluation of individuals at any age who died suddenly or unexpectedly; testing is particularly recommended under the following circumstances (risk factors):
-Family history of sudden infant death syndrome or other sudden unexpected deaths at any age
-Family history of Reye syndrome
-Maternal complications of pregnancy (acute fatty liver pregnancy, HELLP syndrome [hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count])
-Lethargy, vomiting, fasting in the 48 hours prior to death
-Allegation of child abuse (excluding obvious cases of trauma, physical harm)
-Macroscopic findings at autopsy:
- Fatty infiltration of the liver
- Dilated or hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
- Autopsy evidence of infection that routinely would not represent a life-threatening event
Acylcarnitine analysis in blood and bile specimens to evaluate cases of sudden or unexpected death. Confirmatory enzymatic/molecular studies of cultured fibroblasts may be recommended.
Analysis of acylcarnitines in blood and bile spots represents the first level of evaluation of a complete postmortem investigation of a sudden or unexpected death of an individual at any age.
Analysis enables the diagnosis of over 20 inborn errors of metabolism including fatty acid oxidation disorders and organic acidurias.
Abnormal results are not always sufficient to conclusively establish a diagnosis of a particular disease. When abnormal results are obtained, additional confirmatory testing is recommended.
Detailed reports for abnormal acylcarnitine profiles are provided which include an overview of the results and recommendations for follow-up.
See Postmortem Screening Algorithm in Special Instructions.
Electrospray Tandem Mass Spectrometry (MS/MS)