Mobile Site ›
Print Friendly View

Test ID: LCMS    
Leukemia/Lymphoma Immunophenotyping by Flow Cytometry

NY State Approved Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.

Yes

Useful For Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Evaluating lymphocytoses of undetermined etiology

 

Identifying B- and T-cell lymphoproliferative disorders involving blood and bone marrow

 

Distinguishing acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) from acute myeloid leukemia (AML)

 

Immunologic subtyping of ALL

 

Distinguishing reactive lymphocytes and lymphoid hyperplasia from malignant lymphoma

 

Distinguishing between malignant lymphoma and acute leukemia

 

Phenotypic subclassification of B- and T-cell chronic lymphoproliferative disorders, including chronic lymphocytic leukemia, mantle cell lymphoma, and hairy cell leukemia

 

Recognizing AML with minimal morphologic or cytochemical evidence of differentiation

 

Recognizing monoclonal plasma cells

Reflex Tests Lists test(s) that may or may not be performed, at an additional charge, depending on the result and interpretation of the initial test(s)

Test IDReporting NameAvailable SeparatelyAlways Performed
88465Flow Cytometry Interp, 2-8 MarkersNo, (Bill Only)No
88466Flow Cytometry Interp, 9-15 MarkersNo, (Bill Only)No
88467Flow Cytometry Interp,16 or greaterNo, (Bill Only)No
VBETATCR V-BETANo, (Bill Only)No

Additional Tests Lists test(s) that are always performed, at an additional charge, with the initial test(s)

Test IDReporting NameAvailable SeparatelyAlways Performed
80997Flow Cytometry, Cell Surface, FirstNo, (Bill Only)Yes
81047Flow Cytometry, Cell Surface, AddlNo, (Bill Only)Yes

Testing Algorithm Delineates situation(s) when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

When a blood, bone marrow, or fluid test is ordered, a screening panel and a professional interpretation will always be charged. The screening panel will be charged based on number of markers tested (80997 for first marker, 81047 for each additional marker). The interpretation will be based on markers tested in increments of 2 to 8, 9 to 15, or 16 and greater. In addition, reflex testing may occur to fully characterize a disease state or clarify any abnormalities from the screening test. Reflex tests will be performed at an additional charge for each marker tested (80997 if applicable, 81047 if applicable).

 

The triage panel is initially performed to evaluate for monotypic B cells by kappa and lambda light chain expression, increased numbers of blast cells by CD34 and CD45 expression along with side scatter gating, and increased plasma cells by CD45 expression and side scatter gating. The triage panel also includes antibodies to assess the number of CD3-positive T cells and CD16-positive/CD3-negative natural killer (NK) cells present. This triage panel also determines if there is an increase in the number of T cells that aberrantly coexpress CD16, an immunophenotypic feature of T cell granular lymphocytic leukemia.

 

This panel, together with the provided clinical history and morphologic review, is used to determine what, if any, additional testing is needed for disease diagnosis or classification. If additional testing is required, it will be added per algorithm to fully characterize a disease state with a charge per unique antibody tested.

 

In addition to reflexing flow cytometric panels, other studies may be added to facilitate diagnosis. 

These include:

Cytogenetic FISH Studies:

-CCND1/IGH translocation t(11;14), to exclude mantle cell lymphoma in cases of CD5+CD23- B-cell lymphoproliferative disorder.

-PML-RARA translocation t(15;17), to exclude acute promyelocytic leukemia if there is morphologic suspicion and/or blasts and promyelocytes are CD34 and HLA-DR-negative.

-TCL-1 break-apart at 14q32, to exclude T-cell prolymphocytic leukemia in cases with CD4-positive T-cell lymphoproliferative disorder (phenotypic aberrancy or very tight CD4+ population with high CD4:CD8 ratio).

-MYC break-apart at 8q24, with or without IGH-BCL2 t(14;18) and BCL6 break-apart at 3q27, for suspected high grade B-cell lymphomas, based on morphologic assessment and immunophenotype (usually CD10-positive).

 

Molecular Genetic Studies:

-T-cell receptor gene rearrangement to examine clonality of T cells in cases showing phenotypically aberrant T-cell population.

 

Cytochemical Stains:

-Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) stain to confirm hairy cell leukemia.

 

Note: FISH or molecular testing may be recommended by the Mayo pathologist in some cases. They will contact the referring physician or pathologist to confirm the addition of these tests.

 

The following algorithms are available in Special Instructions:

-Malignant Lymphoma, Guideline for Bone Marrow Staging Studies

-Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia: Guideline to Diagnosis and Follow-up

Special Instructions and Forms Describes specimen collection and preparation information, test algorithms, and other information pertinent to test. Also includes pertinent information and consent forms to be used when requesting a particular test

Method Name A short description of the method used to perform the test

Immunophenotyping

Reporting Name A shorter/abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test; an abbreviated test name

Leukemia/Lymphoma, Phenotype

Aliases Lists additional common names for a test, as an aid in searching

Acute Leukemia -- Immunophenotyping, Flow Cytometry
B cell antigen
B cells, hematologic
B-cell clonality
Bone Marrow Consultation
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, Immunophenotyping, Flow Cytometry
Flow Cytometry, Leukemia Immunophenotyping
Flow Cytometry, Lymphoma Immunophenotyping
Leukemia Immunophenotyping
Lymphocyte Subset Quantitation, Flow Cytometry
Lymphocytoflow
Lymphoma Immunophenotyping by Flow Cytometry
Plasma cell clonality
T-cell clonality
T-cell receptor (TCR) flow cytometry
Vbeta T-cell clonality
Anti-kappa
Anti-lambda
CD11 (Ordered by Laboratory Algorithm only. ORDER test LCMS)
CD10 (Ordered by Laboratory Algorithm only. ORDER test LCMS)
CD13 (Ordered by Laboratory Algorithm only. ORDER test LCMS)
CD14 (Ordered by Laboratory Algorithm only. ORDER test LCMS)
CD158a (Ordered by Laboratory Algorithm only. ORDER test LCMS)
CD16 (Ordered by Laboratory Algorithm only. ORDER test LCMS)
CD94 (Ordered by Laboratory Algorithm only. ORDER test LCMS)
CD161 (Ordered by Laboratory Algorithm only. ORDER test LCMS)
CD5 (Ordered by Laboratory Algorithm only. ORDER test LCMS)
CD4 (Ordered by Laboratory Algorithm only. ORDER test LCMS)
CD45 (Ordered by Laboratory Algorithm only. ORDER test LCMS)
CD34 (Ordered by Laboratory Algorithm only. ORDER test LCMS)
CD33 (Ordered by Laboratory Algorithm only. ORDER test LCMS)
CD38 (Ordered by Laboratory Algorithm only. ORDER test LCMS)
CD3 (Ordered by Laboratory Algorithm only. ORDER test LCMS)
CD23 (Ordered by Laboratory Algorithm only. ORDER test LCMS)
CD22 (Ordered by Laboratory Algorithm only. ORDER test LCMS)
CD20 (Ordered by Laboratory Algorithm only. ORDER test LCMS)
CD2 (Ordered by Laboratory Algorithm only. ORDER test LCMS)
CD19 (Ordered by Laboratory Algorithm only. ORDER test LCMS)
CD56 (Ordered by Laboratory Algorithm only. ORDER test LCMS)
CD8 (Ordered by Laboratory Algorithm only. ORDER test LCMS)
CD61 (Ordered by Laboratory Algorithm only. ORDER test LCMS)
CD7 (Ordered by Laboratory Algorithm only. ORDER test LCMS)
GLL Panel - Leukemia Immunophenotyping (ALWAYS order LCMS)
Granular Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALWAYS order LCMS)
KIR Panel - Leukemia Immunophenotyping (ALWAYS order LCMS)
LGL Panel - Leukemia Immunophenotyping (ALWAYS order LCMS)
NK Panel - Leukemia Immunophenotyping (ALWAYS order LCMS)
NKB1 (Ordered by Laboratory Algorithm only. ORDER test LCMS)