|Values are valid only on day of printing.|
Assessment and management of patients with kidney stones, particularly uric acid stones
Uric acid is the end-product of purine metabolism. It is freely filtered by the glomeruli and most is reabsorbed by the tubules. There is also active tubular secretion.
Increased levels of uric acid in the urine usually accompany increased plasma uric acid levels unless there is a decreased excretion of uric acid by the kidneys. Urine uric acid levels reflect the amount of dietary purines and also endogenous nucleic acid breakdown.
Diet-dependent: <750 mg/24 hours
The reference value is for a 24-hour collection. Specimens collected for other than a 24-hour time period are reported in unit of mg/dL for which reference values are not established.
Urinary uric acid excretion is elevated in a significant proportion of patients with uric acid stones.
Uric acid excretion can be either decreased or increased in response to a variety of pharmacologic agents.
Urine uric acid levels are elevated in states of uric acid overproduction such as in leukemia and polycythemia and after intake of food rich in nucleoproteins.
High levels of bilirubin and ascorbic acid may interfere with measurement.
Newman DJ, Price CP: Renal function and nitrogen metabolites. In Textbook of Clinical Chemistry. Edited by NW Tietz. Philadelphia, WB Saunders Company, 1999, pp 1245-1250