Red Blood Cell (RBC) Enzyme Evaluation
Identifying defects of red cell enzyme metabolism
Evaluating patients with hemolytic anemia
Clinical Information Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test
All enzyme defects, including erythrocyte enzyme errors, are inherited; some are sex-linked and located on the X chromosome. Some family members have no hematologic abnormalities, while others have a hemolytic anemia. For a number of RBC enzyme defects (eg, deficiencies of hexokinase, glucose phosphate isomerase, pyruvate kinase), the sole clinical manifestation is hemolytic anemia. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency is the most common metabolic error of the red cell and presents with acute hemolytic anemia in response to oxidant stress (eg, drugs, acute infections, fava bean ingestion).
This is a consultative evaluation looking at red cell enzyme defects as the cause for early red cell destruction.
Reference Values Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.
Definitive results and an interpretive report will be provided.
A hematopathologist expert in these disorders evaluates the case, appropriate tests are performed, and an interpretive report is issued.
Cautions Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances
No significant cautionary statements
Clinical Reference Provides recommendations for further in-depth reading of a clinical nature
Beutler E: Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency and other enzyme abnormalities. In Hematology. Fifth edition. Edited by E Beutler, MA Lichtmann, BS Coller, TJ Kipps. New York, McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1995, pp 564-581