|Values are valid only on day of printing.|
Distinguishing between chylous and nonchylous effusions
Determining if bleeding has occurred in a body fluid
Identifying iatrogenic effusions
The presence of a chylous effusion, which results from lymphatic drainage into a body cavity, can be determined by identifying triglycerides and chylomicrons in the fluid.
Catheter-related iatrogenic effusions can be identified by determining the presence of intravenous solution constituents in the fluid.
Triglyceride concentration >110 mg/dL is highly suggestive of a chylous effusion.
Cannot be performed on viscous fluids
Ellefson RD, Elveback L, Weidman W: Plasma lipoproteins of children and youths in Rochester, MN. DHEW Publication No. (NIH) 1978;78-1472