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A positive test result in association with diarrhea highly suggests that Adenovirus is the cause of the gastroenteritis. Adenovirus may shed asymptomatically up to 18 months after infection. The virus may also become latent, then reactivate. If the patient, in fact, has a bacterial enterocolitis due to Staphylococcus aureus, high levels of the bacterial protein A may cross-react with this test and result in a false positive.