|Values are valid only on day of printing.|
Distinguishing between chylous and nonchylous effusions
Identifying iatrogenic effusions
The presence of a chylous effusion, which results from lymphatic drainage into a body cavity, can be determined by identifying triglycerides and chylomicrons in the fluid.
Catheter-related iatrogenic effusions can be identified by determining the presence of intravenous solution constituents in the fluid.
Triglyceride concentration >110 mg/dL is highly suggestive of a chylous effusion.
No significant cautionary statements
1. Staats BA, Eleffson RD, Budahn LL, et al: The Lipoprotein Profile of Chylous and Nonchylous Pleural Effusions. Mayo Clin Proc 1980;55:700-704
2. Laterre PF, Dugernier T, Reynaert MS: Chylous ascites: diagnosis, causes and treatment. Acta Gastroenterol 2000;63:260-263