Lipid Analysis, Body Fluid
Distinguishing between chylous and nonchylous effusions
Identifying iatrogenic effusions
Clinical Information Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test
The presence of a chylous effusion, which results from lymphatic drainage into a body cavity, can be determined by identifying triglycerides and chylomicrons in the fluid.
Catheter-related iatrogenic effusions can be identified by determining the presence of intravenous solution constituents in the fluid.
Reference Values Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.
Triglyceride concentration >110 mg/dL is highly suggestive of a chylous effusion.
Cautions Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances
No significant cautionary statements
Clinical Reference Provides recommendations for further in-depth reading of a clinical nature
1. Staats BA, Eleffson RD, Budahn LL, et al: The Lipoprotein Profile of Chylous and Nonchylous Pleural Effusions. Mayo Clin Proc 1980;55:700-704
2. Laterre PF, Dugernier T, Reynaert MS: Chylous ascites: diagnosis, causes and treatment. Acta Gastroenterol 2000;63:260-263