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Schistosomiasis is an infection caused by several species of trematodes (flukes) in the genus Schistosoma. The adult worms of Schistosoma hematobium inhabit the venus plexus of the bladder and rectum and produce eggs which are typically passed in the urine. Identification of characteristic eggs in urine is diagnostic for infection with this organism.
As an aid in diagnosing schistosomiasis infections involving the urinary tract
A positive result indicates the presence of Schistosoma species ova in urine.
A negative result does not rule out the presence of Schistosoma species since ova may be present at levels below the detection limits of this assay, or infection may not involve the urinary tract.
No significant cautionary statements
If positive, organism identified
1. Garcia L: Diagnostic Medical Parasitology. Fifth edition. Washington, DC, ASM Press, 2007
2. Ash L, Orihel T: Atlas of Human Parasitology. Fifth edition. Chicago, IL. American Society of Clinical Pathologists (ASCP) Press; 2007