Maternal Cell Contamination, Molecular Analysis
Clinical Information Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test
One of the risks associated with prenatal testing is maternal cell contamination (MCC), which can occur when a fetal specimen comes into contact with maternal blood or tissue. The risk of MCC is associated with procedures such as chorionic villus sampling, amniocentesis, or extraction of fetal blood from the umbilical cord (cord blood). If MCC is present, the maternal DNA may mask the results of any genetic testing performed on the fetal DNA. Therefore, the results of prenatal testing may be compromised.
To rule out the presence of MCC, a maternal blood specimen is necessary for comparison of maternal and fetal chromosomal markers. The presence of both maternal and non-maternal alleles for each fetal marker indicates the fetal specimen is not contaminated. MCC is confirmed when both alleles in the fetus are maternal.
Ruling out the presence of maternal cell contamination within a fetal specimen
This test is required for all prenatal testing performed in Mayo's molecular and biochemical genetics laboratories
An interpretive report will be provided.
Cautions Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances
A previous bone marrow transplant from an allogenic donor will interfere with testing. Call Mayo Medical Laboratories for instructions for testing patients who have received a bone marrow transplant.
This test does not rule out the presence of low-level maternal cell contamination (<10%).
Reference Values Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.
An interpretative report will be provided.