Mumps Virus Antibodies, IgG and IgM (Separate Determinations), Spinal Fluid
Clinical Information Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test
There is only 1 serotype of mumps virus that infects humans. Mumps has been recognized since antiquity by virtue of the parotitis that is often a striking clinical feature of the disease. Generally, a trivial childhood illness, the varied presentation of mumps reflects the widespread invasion of visceral organs and central nervous system that commonly follows infection with mumps virus.
Aiding in the diagnosis of central nervous system infection by mumps virus
Detection of organism-specific antibodies in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) may suggest central nervous system infection. However, these results are unable to distinguish between intrathecal antibodies and serum antibodies introduced into the CSF at the time of lumbar puncture or from a breakdown in the blood-brain barrier. The results should be interpreted with other laboratory and clinical data prior to a diagnosis of central nervous system infection.
Cautions Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances
No significant cautionary statements.
Reference Values Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.
Clinical References Provides recommendations for further in-depth reading of a clinical nature
Wolinsky J, Waxham MN: Mumps virus. In Fields Virology. Vol. 1. 2nd edition. Edited by BN Fields, DM Knipe. New York, Raven Press, 1990, pp 989-1011