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Interpretive Handbook

Test 34622 :
Lipid Analysis, Body Fluid

Clinical Information Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

The presence of a chylous effusion, which results from lymphatic drainage into a body cavity, can be determined by identifying triglycerides and chylomicrons in the fluid.


Catheter-related iatrogenic effusions can be identified by determining the presence of intravenous solution constituents in the fluid.

Useful For Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Distinguishing between chylous and nonchylous effusions


Identifying iatrogenic effusions

Interpretation Provides information to assist in interpretation of the test results

Triglyceride concentration >110 mg/dL is highly suggestive of a chylous effusion.

Cautions Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances

No significant cautionary statements

Reference Values Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.

Not applicable

Clinical References Provides recommendations for further in-depth reading of a clinical nature

1. Staats BA, Eleffson RD, Budahn LL, et al: The Lipoprotein Profile of Chylous and Nonchylous Pleural Effusions. Mayo Clin Proc 1980;55:700-704

2. Laterre PF, Dugernier T, Reynaert MS: Chylous ascites: diagnosis, causes and treatment. Acta Gastroenterol 2000;63:260-263