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JC virus (JCV) is the etiologic agent of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML), a rare, demyelinating, fatal disorder of the central nervous system which occurs on a background of immune deficiency. PML is an infrequent complication of a wide variety of conditions, including lymphoproliferative disorders (Hodgkin disease, chronic lymphocytic leukemia), sarcoidosis, tuberculosis, and immunodeficiency diseases (AIDS).
Confirming a clinical and histopathologic diagnosis of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML)
This test, when not accompanied by a pathology consultation request, will be answered as either positive or negative. If additional interpretation/analysis is needed, please request test 70012 / Pathology Consultation along with this test.
Studies have shown potential cross reactivity between BK and JCV ISH testing (Fritzsche FR, Pianca S, Gaspert A, et al: Silver-enhanced in situ hybridization for detection of polyomavirus DNA in patients with BK virus nephropathy. Diagn Mol Pathol. 2011 20(2):105-10).
1. Aksamit AJ, Mourrain P, Sever JL, Major EO: Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy: investigation of three cases using in situ hybridization with JC virus biotinylated DNA probe. Ann Neurol 1985;18:490-496
2. Aksamit AJ Jr: Nonradioactive in situ hybridization in progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy. Mayo Clin Proc 1993;68:899-910
3. Muñoz-Mármol AM, Mola G, Fernández-Vasalo A, et al: JC virus early protein detection by immunohistochemistry in progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy: a comparative study with in situ hybridization and polymerase chain reaction. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol 2004;63(11):1124-1130
4. Vago L, Cinque P, Sala E, et al: JCV-DNA and BKV-DNA in the CNS tissue and CSF of AIDS patients and normal subjects. Study of 41 cases and review of the literature. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1996 Jun 1;12(2):139-146