Amylase, Body Fluid
Amylases are a group of hydrolases that degrade complex carbohydrates into fragments.
Amylase is produced by the exocrine pancreas and the salivary glands to aid in the digestion of starch. It is also produced by the small intestine mucosa, ovaries, placenta, liver, and fallopian tubes.
Evaluation of patients suspected of having acute pancreatitis.
If ascites are present, it is occasionally used to demonstrate pancreatic inflammation. If this is true, the level will be at least ten times that of serum.
No control range has been obtained so interpretation is qualitative and thought to be positive for pancreatitis if >1,100 U/L (10 times the serum normal range).
There are no normal ranges, so the test should be used only qualitatively.
Clinical References Provides recommendations for further in-depth reading of a clinical nature
Tietz Textbook of Clinical Chemistry. Edited by CA Burtis, ER Ashwood. Philadelphia, WB Saunders Company, 1994