Interpretive Handbook

Test 61195 :
Carnitine-Acylcarnitine Translocase Deficiency, Known Mutation

Clinical Information Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

Carnitine-acylcarnitine translocase (CACT) deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of fatty acid oxidation. The disease typically presents in the neonatal period with severe hypoketotic hypoglycemia, hyperammonemia, cardiac abnormalities, hepatic dysfunction, skeletal muscle weakness, encephalopathy, and early death. However, presentations at a later age with a milder phenotype have also been reported.

Initial screening can be done with plasma acylcarnitines. Definitive diagnosis can be made by detection of reduced CACT enzyme activity. Mutations in the SLC25A20 gene are responsible for CACT deficiency, and sequencing of this gene is recommended after positive biochemical analysis.

Useful For Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Diagnostic confirmation of carnitine-acylcarnitine translocase deficiency when familial mutations have been previously identified

Interpretation Provides information to assist in interpretation of the test results

An interpretive report will be provided.

Cautions Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances

The identification of a disease-causing mutation in an affected family member is necessary before predictive testing for other family members can be offered. If a familial mutation has not been previously identified, order CACTS / Carnitine-Acylcarnitine Translocase Deficiency, Full Gene Analysis.


Analysis is performed for the familial mutations provided only. This assay does not rule out the presence of other mutations within this gene or within other genes that may be associated with metabolic disease.  


Test results should be interpreted in the context of clinical findings, family history, and other laboratory data. Any error in the diagnosis or in the pedigree provided to us, including false-paternity, could lead to erroneous interpretation of results.


A previous bone marrow transplant from an allogenic donor will interfere with testing. Call Mayo Medical Laboratories for instructions for testing patients who have received a bone marrow transplant.

Reference Values Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.

An interpretive report will be provided.

Clinical References Provides recommendations for further in-depth reading of a clinical nature

1. Wang GL, Wang J, Douglas G, et al: Expanded molecular features of carnitine acyl-carnitine translocase (CACT) deficiency by comprehensive molecular analysis. Mol Genet Metab 2011 Aug;103(4):349-357

2. Rubio-Gozalbo ME, Bakker, JA, Waterham, HR, Wanders RJA: Carnitine-acylcarnitine translocase deficiency, clinical, biochemical and genetic aspects. Mol Aspects Med 2004 Oct-Dec;25(5-6):521-532