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Introduction to Clinical Mycology

Part 4

General Terms Used in Clinical Mycology

Slide 3

March 2012

We are going to review some terms again that we have covered in previous presentations that still have application to what we are going to cover. A sporangium is a sac-like structure that produces spores found in molds particular in Zygomycetes. And these have few or no septae in the hyphae. Blastoconidia are budding yeast cells found in yeast. Pseudohyphae are chains of blastoconidia that have elongated and remained attached to each other like links of sausages. Arthroconidia are rectangular cells that are formed within hyphae. Spherules are round, sac-like structures found in the tissue of patients who have coccidioidomycosis that is caused by the organism Coccidioides immitis. These spherules contain numerous spores called endospores. And then, dichotomous branching is nothing more than acute angle branching at 45 degree angles and we happen to use this particularly when we are looking at descriptions for hyphae that are found in tissues.

General Terms Used in Clinical Mycology


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