Use of Cystatin C to Assess Kidney Function
I would like to begin this presentation with a brief case discussion. Imagine you are a clinician evaluating a 66-year-old recently retired African American businessman. He and his wife have just purchased their dream retirement home. In general, he has been in very good health. However, he has a history of high blood pressure for approximately 12 years treated with medications, and has had high blood sugars noted for at least five years, although these have never been high enough that he was told that he has diabetes. He tells you that his grandmother was on dialysis and he worries about that possibility for himself. A serum creatinine level currently is 1.5 mg/dL.
Jump to section:
- A Case
- What do the kidneys do?
- Why Measure Renal Function?
- How Is Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Defined?
- Stages of Chronic Kidney Disease
- Laboratory Assessment of Kidney Function: What Can We Measure?
- Creatinine as a Marker of GFR
- Creatinine as a Marker of GFR: It Works But...
- How Can We Turn the Serum Creatinine Into a Better Estimate of GFR?
- Revised eGFR Equation (ID-MS version)
- eGFR Equation Works, But it's Not Perfect
- What About Cystatin C?
- Mayo Renal Laboratory Cystatin C By Particle Enhanced Turbidometric Immunoassay (PETIA)
- Comparison To Current Nephelometric Assay (PENIA) Reveals 23% Bias
- Cystatin C PENIA Assay Shift (19%)
- Cystatin C eGFR Using Published Equation* Performs Well3
- Cystatin C Equations Categorize Patients Slightly Better Than MDRD eGFR
- Cystatin C Reference Range
- PETIA Cystatin C Reference Range
- Cystatin C: Useful To Confirm Those At Risk Of CKD Progression And Its Complications (REGARDS)4
- Cystatin C: CKD Progression and Complications (MESA and CHS)5
- Cystatin C in the Acute Hospitalized Setting6
- Back to Our Patient
- Potential Interventions