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Kidney Stones

Update in Diagnosis and Management



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Not All Stones are Created Equal: Stone Analysis is Very Helpful

Slide 5

February 2010

It's important to recognize that not all kidney stones are the same, and that the pathophysiology of each type of stone is very different. The most common group of stones contains a majority of calcium oxalate, and account for about 70% of the total stones in the United States. The pathophysiology of this type of stone, commonly referred to as "idiopathic calcium oxalate stone disease," is the most complex of those listed, as we will subsequently discuss. Other common types of stones include uric acid, calcium phosphate and struvite, each accounting for another 10% of the total. Cystine stones are rarer and due to a specific genetic disorder. Finally certain drugs can precipitate in the urinary tract and form true drug stones.

Stone Analysis

 


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