|Values are valid only on day of printing.|
Updated: June 2013
Published: May 2012
Enteroviruses are positive-sense RNA viruses in the Picornaviridae family that typically replicate in the gastrointestinal tract. However, in a proportion of cases, the virus spreads to other organs, causing severe disease, including aseptic meningitis, encephalitis, myopericarditis, herpangina, conjunctivitis, neonatal disease, and febrile illness.
The enterovirus PCR test is the recommended testing method for the detection of acute disease, by offering the following advantages:
These tests detect all human enterovirus strains including coxsackievirus, echovirus, and poliovirus and are the tests of choice for detection of acute disease by Mayo Clinic physicians.
Our assays are validated for multiple specimen sources, including CSF, plasma, respiratory specimens, body fluids, ocular swabs, dermal swabs and others.
|Clinical Syndrome||Recommended Specimen Type for Enterovirus PCR Testing|
|Paralytic Disease||Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)|
|Meningitis/encephalitis||Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)|
|Acute Myopencarditis||Pericardial fluid|
|Rash Disease||Swab of vesicle/lesion|
|Respiratory Infections||Upper and lower respiratory tract specimens|
|Disease in Immunocompromised Host||Plasma|
|Disease in the Neonate||Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)|
|Hemorrhagic Conjunctivitis||Ocular swab|